Estimation de la morbidité des infections d’origine alimentaire en France

Abstract : The objective of this work was to produce population-based estimates of the burden of foodborne infections in France for the 2008-2013 period.Number if illnesses and hospitalisations were estimated for 21 pathogens (10 bacteria, 3 viruses and 8 parasites).The burden of foodborne infections remains substantial with 1 to 2,5 million of cases and 14000 to 21000 hospitalisations occurring each year. As in other industrialized countries Norovirus, Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. are the leading pathogens and account for the majority of cases and hospitalisations.We estimate for the first time the foodborne burden related to Hepatitis E Virus (HEV). HEV appears to be one of the key pathogens in France, with annually around 50 000 foodborne cases and 500 hospitalisations.Our estimates cannot be compared with prior crude estimates in France to assess illness trends as different methodologies were used. These results are useful to food safety policymakers for the prevention and control of foodborne pathogens. They can inform education campaigns for consumers and provide information for additional research including health states and cost estimates.
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Dieter van Cauteren. Estimation de la morbidité des infections d’origine alimentaire en France. Santé publique et épidémiologie. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLS148⟩. ⟨tel-01424164⟩

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