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Développement d'un modèle multi physique multidimensionnel de pile à combustible à membrane échangeuse de proton en temps réel pour système embarqué

Abstract : The fuel cell is an electric generator which uses an electrochemical effect discovered in 18 century by ChristianSchönbein. This technology has gotten successively periods of development and periods of void in the pastdecades. After the petrol barrel price rising and the people¿s awareness of environmental problem such asgreenhouse effect, the research in fuel cell field has been increasing constantly. Its higher efficiency compared tothermal technology to produce electricity, the possibility to use no fossil fuel and no pollution final products make thefuel cell an attractive substitution candidate for energy production. However, its cost, life time, power density andother problems related to the fuel storage do not allow it to replace immediately the actual technology which is elderand benefit about scale economy effect. Thus, the fuel cell technology must be improved to become economicallyviable.One of the ways to do it, is to model the fuel cell in order to reflect, analyze and better understand its behavior with aminimal cost. Unfortunately, the fuel cell is a complex system which combines fluidic, thermic and electrochemicaleffects. In literature, many one dimensional real time models have been developed. But to analyze and predict localphenomena, a 2 dimensional model is needed. However, the general two dimensional models use finite elementcalculation methods that cannot be done in real time due to their complex mathematical calculation. In spirit toovercome this calculation complexity problem, the challenge of this thesis is defined: develop a 2 dimensional modelwho are able to be executed in real time on an ordinary computer or an embedded system.In order to achieve the desired real time performance, the physical, mathematical and computer concepts of realtime 2D fuel cell model are developed, combined and integrated with specific organization methods in a C languageprogram which does not requires an important calculation power or memory to run. All the modeling assumptionsand the modified mathematic methods are implanted following an innovative modeling approach.Finally, a 2D, multiphysique, multidimensional real time fuel cell model is developed and its parameters are adjustedwith a real fuel cell stack from different experiments. The results are then analyzed with a structured observationmethod with conclusions given at last.
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Pierre Massonnat. Développement d'un modèle multi physique multidimensionnel de pile à combustible à membrane échangeuse de proton en temps réel pour système embarqué. Energie électrique. Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbeliard, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BELF0268⟩. ⟨tel-01423668v2⟩

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