L'APPREHENSION JURIDIQUE DU RISQUE INHERENT AUX ESPACES NATURELS LITTORAUX

Abstract : In a context of risks socialization, the owners and the administrators of natural spaces are confronted to a paradox bringing into conflict the increasing demand of security in natural sites, and the necessity to assure the preservation of those same sites. Coastal zone are particularly faced with this problem: in fact, this kind of territories are characterized by some remarkable natural spaces and landscapes, which are both crowed by tourists and outdoor sports enthusiasts, and landlocked by the urbanization. Today, the wilderness management of natural spaces generates risks and responsibilities which become muddled between the littoral actors. Coastal zones are also exposed to erosion and marine submersion, which illustrate the paradoxical situation of the wish to live in exceptional spaces without undergoing the natural dynamics of the coastal line. In front of the we akness of defense strategies, the idea of an acceptance of the natural movement of the coast line by anticipation or spatial reorganization of territories to protect the persons threatened by erosion or submersion, gained ground in the last thirty years. These news adaptation strategies lead up to reconsider the coastal zones management, but also the hinterland spatial planning. Thus, if the actors of the natural spaces management face with the compensation claims of natural risks victims today, they will collide with requests of protection or relocation of the people threatened by the coastal risks tomorrow. How to answer to these stakes and constraints? This thesis supports the postulate that the key lies in a better legal apprehension of the notion of risks inherent in natural spaces.
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Elodie Doze. L'APPREHENSION JURIDIQUE DU RISQUE INHERENT AUX ESPACES NATURELS LITTORAUX. Droit. Aix Marseille Université; Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire en Environnement et Urbanisme (LIEU), 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01420355⟩

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