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Proscrits ibériques à Paris au temps des monarchies constitutionnelles (1814-1848)

Abstract : The presence in Paris of Spanish and Portuguese political refugees is significant during Restauration and monarchie de Juillet. Iberic emigrations play their part in the creation of a first status of refugees at the beginning of monarchie de Juillet : an asylum policy, developed from the model of treatment of war prisoners, is created for the Spaniards. The individual and political surveillance is replaced by a general policy of allocating “subsides” and setting residence, which tends to a global control system. But, in the continuity of Restauration and despite official statements, care of refugees remains biased. Portuguese liberal organization between 1828 and 1833 is close to exiled State. It gives assistance to the refugees, realizes an active propaganda and carries on the military battle. During Restauration, play of the Paris is limited for the Spanish liberal. But with the failure of strategy of “pronunciamientos”, various representative boards of refugees are tried out in 1830-1831. Despite their failure, they convey new political patterns based on representativeness and freedom of expression. State of refugee also makes the question of identity. Proscription contributes to the emergence of nationalism, “in exile”. Both populations emigrate with the family. The army is a conveyor of solidarity, as to a lesser extent, Church and freemasonry. Unlike the Portuguese, a lot of Spaniards have a job. In Paris, political migrants are depending on a special system. Because of the size of the city, refugees of each nation can live separately. The long-lasting Spanish exile and the fact that “foreigners” and “refugees” are not well-defined denominations in the French society born after the French Revolution help their integration.
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Contributor : Anne Leblay <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 22, 2016 - 4:47:38 PM
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Anne Leblay. Proscrits ibériques à Paris au temps des monarchies constitutionnelles (1814-1848). Histoire. Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-01419419⟩

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