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La myostatine et ses partenaires GASP-1 et GASP-2 : implications dans le développement musculaire et le métabolisme du glucose

Abstract : Skeletal muscle is a heterogeneous and dynamic tissue which plays an important role in mobility and metabolism of organisms. It is an active organ that secretes numerous cytokines involved in "crosstalk" between all tissues implicated in metabolism. Among these myokines, myostatin acts both as a negative regulator of muscle development and a mediator in glucose homeostasis. Indeed, mice deficient for the myostatin gene (Mstn-/-) have an increase of muscle mass associated with hyperplasia and hypertrophy of myofibers. Mstn-/- mice also exhibit a decrease of fat mass. Expression of myostatin is tightly regulated by inhibitors such follistatin, FSTL-3 or GASP-1 and GASP-2 proteins. While many studies have already been performed on the other inhibitors, GASPs proteins are still poorly studied. The mouse model overexpressing Gasp-1 (Tg (Gasp-1)) generated in our lab presents a hypermuscular phenotype associated with hypertrophy without hyperplasia and exhibit no decrease in fat mass. To better understand the functional consequences of Gasp-1 overexpression, we analyzed muscle cells derived from Tg(Gasp-1) satellite cells This study revealed a deregulation of the expression of several genes with an upregulation of myostatin which could explain the absence of hyperplasia in the Tg(Gasp-1) mice. We then want to explain the absence of fat mass changes by performing metabolic assays in young and aged mice. These studies have revealed an overall dysregulation of glucose homeostasis and deregulation of muscle secretome in Tg(Gasp-1) mice. Finally we wanted to capture the role of GASP-2 in a muscular context.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01418767
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Luce Perie. La myostatine et ses partenaires GASP-1 et GASP-2 : implications dans le développement musculaire et le métabolisme du glucose. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0072⟩. ⟨tel-01418767⟩

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