Apport alimentaire de sodium, potassium et iode, relation avec l'état nutritionnel au Bénin

Abstract : High sodium and low potassium consumptions are associated with increased blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. Limiting salt and encouraging more fruits and vegetables are important interventions to reduce these diseases. These interventions need reliable epidemiological data. Interventions should also take into account the availability of adequate iodine in salt to ensure an optimal iodine status for populations. There is no representative data on sodium and potassium intakes and iodine status in Beninese adults. Our studies estimated, using urine samples, the levels of sodium, potassium and iodine intakes, and iodine content in food salts whith reference methods. Results showed an excessive intake of sodium, low potassium, a mild iodine deficiency and inadequate iodination of local salt production. Factors associated with these intakes have been identified. Results also validated the use of spot urine to assay sodium and potassium in epidemiological studies and spectrophotometer (WYD iodine checker) for iodine content in salt. All the results argue for implementation of salt reduction policies and promotion of fruits and vegetables, and a strengthening of the Beninese program against IDD.
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Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda. Apport alimentaire de sodium, potassium et iode, relation avec l'état nutritionnel au Bénin. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0134⟩. ⟨tel-01418385⟩

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