La relation entre vie familiale et vie professionnelle : incidences des violences conjugales sur les travailleuses, les travailleurs et les organisations

Abstract : Domestic violence affects the health of individuals, influences their behaviour in the workplace, and impacts organisations. In addition to financial loss, it contributes to emphasize gender inequalities, especially within the professional sphere. Througha typology of the implications of domestic violence, this exploratory research examines the processes in motion during the interactions of victims with their professional environment, and how organisations can respond to the manifestations of this phenomenon which occurs within the family sphere. It is based on a double conceptual framework: domestic violence and work-family articulation. Field access relies on a combination of qualitative methods: 47 interviews (semi-directive individual and collective interviews, life histories) lead with victims as well as with representatives of non-mercantile organisations (associations, Kering Foundation,conseil général de l’Essonne) and businesses (PSA Peugeot-Citroën, BPI group).Besides this innovative theoretical anchoring, the results have allowed the emergence of a model that articulates the family determinant (acts of physical,psychological, and economic violence), the work-family relationship (spill over,conflict, and compensation) as well as the three main organisational effects (decrease in concentration, change in behaviour, and over investment in work). Amongst those three manifestations, the decrease in concentration (negative spill over) and the over investment in work (compensation) are significant elements in terms of the number of people concerned; the change in behaviour (negative spill over) represents a remarkable variable because of its unexplored character. Following logics of integration or respect, the organisations are likely to contribute to reducing the difficulties posed by these interferences, thus receiving economic and managerial benefits.The contributions of the study are found on several levels: on one hand it imports into France the issue of the organisational implications of domestic violence,and on the other, it positions it within the theoretical framework of the work-family relationship.
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Nouchka Wielhorski. La relation entre vie familiale et vie professionnelle : incidences des violences conjugales sur les travailleuses, les travailleurs et les organisations. Gestion et management. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010046⟩. ⟨tel-01418031⟩

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