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Theses

L’invocabilité des accords internationaux devant la Cour de justice et le Conseil d’État français

Abstract : This thesis analyses the invocability of International Agreements before the European Court of Justice and the French“Conseil d’État”. A convergence of the Case-Law of these Courts exists on this matter. On one hand, the constitutionalconditions for incorporation of Treaty rules are similar, owing to the common monist orientation of EU and FrenchLegal Orders. On the other hand, Direct Effect – ie the ability of a rule to grant substantive Right – is the main filter ofthe invocability of Agreements before the Courts of Paris and Luxembourg. The recognition of Direct Effect isdecided by a judge’s choice. And it appears that the methods of interpretation used by the French “Conseil d’État”,combining exegesis and teleology, are coming close to those advocated by the ECJ. In the Judicial Review, theconnection between invocability and Direct Effect can however be criticized, because the claimant doesn’t call for theapplication of one of his individual Rights, but for the legality control of a norm on the ground of another norm. TheECJ and the French “Conseil d’État” have indeed given some limited effect to the non-directly effective rules ofInternational Agreements, for example by interpreting domestic law in conformity with this kind of Rules. Howeverthe impossibility to contest the violation of these Rules breaches certainly the Rule of Law. Then, it is necessary tocreate a form of invocability based on the primacy, independent of the direct effect filter, allowing domestic Courts tostrike down legislation in cases of clear-cut, manifest breaches of these Rules.
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Jean-Félix Delile. L’invocabilité des accords internationaux devant la Cour de justice et le Conseil d’État français. Droit. Université de Bordeaux, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014BORD0285⟩. ⟨tel-01417802⟩

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