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Errance identitaire, errance scripturale : Patrick Modiano, W. G. Sebald, Fred Wander et la littérature de l'après

Abstract : The French writer Patrick Modiano (1945-), the German writer W.G. Sebald (1944-2001) and the Austrian writer Fred Wander (1917-2006) consider the relationship between errance and literature after 1945: They are moved by the absence of the witnesses and the disparition of the past after World War II. Their books are haunted by memory lapses and identity disorder and they present a lot of trips accross worlds ; the characters of Modiano, Sebald and Wander are in exile or in transit, far away from their Heimat, and there are searching for missing peaces of their identity. The memory gaps and errors, the difficulty of being, the uncertainties and the dialogues with the out of text world (the space outside the text, the past History, the recall, the reader, the intertextuality and intermediality) compose the matter of writing. The books by the three writers, Honeymoon and Dora Bruder by Modiano, The Emigrants and Austerlitz by Sebald, Hôtel Baalbek and Das gute Leben by Wander, are wandering between fiction and reality and not corresponding the literary norms: are they novels,Bildungsromane, investigation reports, memoirs, or (auto)biographies? These hybrid and multi-level narratives combine voices, confuse the issue, collect the individual, collective and cultural memory and keep the meaning and the direction of the texts, so the narrative transmission, in suspense. The trope of errance leads also to the exploration of the identity and the memory of the texts themselves and the (re)consideration of the role of the reader after 1945.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01416630, version 1

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Aurélie Julien. Errance identitaire, errance scripturale : Patrick Modiano, W. G. Sebald, Fred Wander et la littérature de l'après. Littératures. Université Rennes 2, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016REN20036⟩. ⟨tel-01416630⟩

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