Time-varying consensus : application to formation control of vehicles

Abstract : The multiple applications related to networked multi-agent systems such as satellite formation flying, coupled oscillators, air traffic control, unmanned air vehicles, cooperative transport, among others, has been undoubtedly a watershed for the development of this thesis. The study of cooperative control of multi-agent systems is of great interest for his extensive field work and applications. This thesis is devoted to the study of consensus seeking of multi-agents systems and trajectory tracking of nonholonomic mobile robots.In the context of consensus seeking, first we study a ring topology of dynamic agents with time-dependent communication links which may disconnect for long intervals of time. Simple checkable conditions are obtained by using small-gain theorem to guarantee the achievement of consensus. Then, we deal with a network of dynamic agents with time-dependent communication links interconnected over a time-varying topology. We establish that consensus is reached provided that there always exists a « spanning-tree » for a minimal dwell-time by using stability theory of time-varying and switched systems. In the context of trajectory tracking, we investigate a simple leader-follower tracking controller for autonomous vehicles following straight lines. We show that global tracking may be achieved by a controller which has a property of persistency of excitation tailored for nonlinear systems. Roughly speaking the stabilisation mechanism relies on exciting the system by an amount that is proportional to the tracking error. Moreover, the method is used to solve the problem of formation tracking of multiple vehicles interconnected on the basis of a « spanning-tree » topology. We derive stability conditions for the kinematic and dynamic model by using a Lyapunov approach.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01415332, version 1

Citation

Nohemi Alvarez Jarquin. Time-varying consensus : application to formation control of vehicles. Automatic Control Engineering. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PA112092⟩. ⟨tel-01415332⟩

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