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Golden Snow. Ségrégation et entre-soi dans les stations de sports d'hiver haut de gamme en Autriche, en France et en Suisse.

Abstract : Winter sports resorts are tourist places where the dynamics of arrangement were studied for several decades. If the strategies of development of the tourist system in places considered capable of being able to support this activity are one of main stakes in certain local economies, this thesis wishes to question not the tourism in the prism of the economy or the arrangement, but in the prism of the distinction. The distinction, the concept in the interface of the social geography and the other human sciences as the sociology, allows to question the whole tourist system, both in its urban, economic and social character. The interest of this angle of approach also is to replace the individual, in its complete identity within these places which have to tend to integrate the various socio-economic groups which are located there. In order to achieve this goal, we suggest questioning the place of the clienteles from superior socioeconomic categories, from permanent inhabitants and from seasonal workers, both in the heterogeneous profiles within top of the range winter sports resorts. We shall approach the distinction through two angles: the one within the tourist places market and the one within social categories in these places, who would try to disregard any considerations under the social hierarchy. Geographical research before any, this thesis will approach the distinction with regard to two strong notions: the segregation and the “entre-soi”, by questioning the accessible place by each one within the urban space of winter sports resorts, considered as the spatial power. We suggest leading this study in ten winter sports resorts top of the range, localized in Austria, in France and in Switzerland. This state diversity will also allow to question the strategies of distinction with regard to legislations in force in every country. From the abstract frames presented in the part 1 (chapter 1: state of the art of the segregation and the “entre-soi”; chapter 2: sampling of the studied stations and the methodological approach; chapter 3: research questions), we shall approach the strategies of distinction through several angles of approaches: the tourist inheritance and the singular urban forms which he produced (chapter 4), urban space staging in tourist purpose (chapter 5) and the regimes of visibilities of the socioeconomic categories in the urban landscape of the wealth (chapter 6). This second part will allow to bring to light the existence of distinction of interfaces present within the winter sports resorts top of the range: thresholds, among which the modalities of production, so social, symbolic as material and the spatial constraints which they lead will be respectively handled in chapter 7 and chapter 8 (part 3). Finally, this thesis proposes a social geography of the tourism, more than a geography of the tourist practices.
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Lise Piquerey. Golden Snow. Ségrégation et entre-soi dans les stations de sports d'hiver haut de gamme en Autriche, en France et en Suisse.. Géographie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAA006⟩. ⟨tel-01414662⟩

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