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Mouillage de surfaces désordonnées à l'échelle nanométrique

Abstract : During this thesis, we first developed an experimental set-up to measure contact angle dynamics with a record precision of 0.01° over 7 decades of velocity of the triple line, a range never before attained. For the first time, numerically solving the lubrication equations has allowed us to deduce the contact angle at the microscopic scale from these macroscopic measurements, and thus enabled the multi-scale hydrodynamic problem to be disentangled from the physics of the contact line at small scales. With these tools we have shown that the dynamics can be completely piloted by a pseudo-brush -a nanometric layer of polymers-, producing the lowest ever reported hysteresis (<0.07°!) and giving rise to a huge source of dissipation originating from the viscoelasticity of the coating. This study points the way towards nano-rheology, to probe extremely fast dynamics (~100 ns) of polymers confined at the nano-scale. Thanks to a fruitful collaborative work, we then developed a model that provides a single quantitative framework to account for hydrodynamic dissipation, hysteresis and thermal activation. Finally, a great deal of effort has been made to produce nano-defects whose size, shape and density are controlled. The dynamics appears to be insensitive to this scale of disorder, and the presence of defects is observed to only modify the hysteresis. These results have been interpreted semi-quantitatively with scaling laws, and we expect that the complete characterization of the defects should eventually allow the development of more quantitative models.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01409236, version 3

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Romain Lhermerout. Mouillage de surfaces désordonnées à l'échelle nanométrique. Dynamique des Fluides [physics.flu-dyn]. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEE041⟩. ⟨tel-01409236v3⟩

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