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L’Institut du Pin et la chimie des résines en Aquitaine (1900-1970)

Abstract : Pine resin chemistry was born in France in the beginning of the 20th century. Its birth is intimately linked to the establishment of the Pine Institute. It was a complex entity whose origins go back to 1900 when Maurice Vèzes, professor of chemistry at the Faculty of Sciences in Bordeaux, created the Laboratory of Chemistry Applied to the Resin Industry in order to help the regional resin industry to fight the social and economic crisis. The market position of resinous products was threatened by the rise of the petroleum industry offering low quality but cheap alternatives. Under the direction of great French chemists, Georges Dupont and Georges Brus, the Pine Institute helped the resin producers to face the threat of petroleum. Not only it elaborated new products but it actively contributed to the development of national and international standards on resin. The Institute’s works aroused interest also in the United States of America. The American resin industry greatly profited from the French expertise and it tried to establish its own scientific institutions following the French example. The Pine Institute became the global centre of resin chemistry and it fulfilled this role until the decline of the regional industry in the end of the 1960s.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 5, 2016 - 5:45:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:34:56 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01409230, version 1

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Marcin Krasnodębski. L’Institut du Pin et la chimie des résines en Aquitaine (1900-1970). Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0192⟩. ⟨tel-01409230⟩

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