Holonomy fields and random matrices : invariance by braids and permutations

Abstract : This thesis focuses on planar Yang-Mills measures and planar Markovian holonomy fields. We consider two different questions : the study of planar Markovian holonomy fields with fixed structure group and the asymptotic study of the planar Yang-Mills measures when the dimension of the structure group grows. We define the notion of planar Markovian holonomy fields which generalizes the concept of planar Yang-Mills measures. We construct, characterize and classify the planar Markovian holonomy fields by introducing a new symmetry : the invariance under the action of braids. We show that there is a bijection between planar Markovian holonomy fields and some equivalent classes of Lévy processes. We use these results in order to characterize Markovian holonomy fields on spherical surfaces. The Markovian holonomy fields with the symmetric group as structure group can be constructed using random ramified coverings. We prove that the monodromies of these models of random ramified coverings converge as the number of sheets of the covering goes to infinity. To prove this, we develop general tools in order to study the limits of families of random matrices invariant by the symmetric group. This allows us to generalize ideas, developped by Thierry Lévy in order to study the planar Yang-Mills measure with the unitary structure group, to the setting where the structure group is the symmetric group.
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Franck Gabriel. Holonomy fields and random matrices : invariance by braids and permutations. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066168⟩. ⟨tel-01407254⟩

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