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De la fibre à l'étoffe : archéologie, production et usages des textiles de Nubie et du Soudan anciens à l'époque méroïtique

Abstract : . This research aims to study every aspects of textile production in ancient Sudan and Nubia during the Meroitic period (300 BC – AD 600). Textiles are the result of a multi-faceted craft which involves a long and complex chaîne opératoire, from growing and harvesting the fibres to spinning, weaving, dyeing and sewing. Fabrics and cloths also played a central role in the material culture of ancient societies. They fulfilled numerous and varied functions related to clothing or furnishing in many everyday-life contexts, such as the house, the town, or the temple, but also during the after-life, taking part in funerary rituals and protecting the deceased. This study moreover considers the economic aspects of textile production, notably trade with the Roman provinces and the integration of the Sudanese production into larger geographical regions along the Nile valley and the Mediterranean basin.My doctoral thesis explores these different themes following a multidisciplinary approach, using methods from the fields of archaeobotany, textile studies, iconographic analysis, archaeology and history. The work is based on the gathering of hundreds of previously unpublished data in 3 databases: textiles from old and new excavations, textile production implements, and images of costumes on various media. In correlation with the study of archaeological contexts and findspots, the analysis of each corpus illustrates, for the first time, the diversity of Meroitic textile production and usage. In doing so, this research participates in a recent effort in Sudanese archaeology to shed light on the little-known material culture and economic history of the Meroitic kingdom.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01407253
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 1, 2016 - 8:08:36 PM
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Elsa Halstad. De la fibre à l'étoffe : archéologie, production et usages des textiles de Nubie et du Soudan anciens à l'époque méroïtique. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIL30058⟩. ⟨tel-01407253⟩

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