Les villes françaises investies par les firmes transnationales étrangères : des réseaux d'entreprises aux établissements localisés

Abstract : Transnational corporations, which are amongst the major players in the contemporary global economy, integrate and exclude territories at various scales, due to their specific location strategies. These inequalities are well known at an international scale, yet the knowledge of this diverse integration is much more limited regarding urban levels, although cities and metropolises are considered as being the major nodes of the globalized networks. France and the OECD countries certainly appear in central positions in the networks that characterize these corporations, but observations made at the urban level remain very partial due to the lack of localized data. This thesis suggests to both approach and localize conventional data about Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the French case by mobilizing data about financial links connecting economic units. The detailed breakdown of transnational corporations affiliation networks has been conducted up to the level of the establishments, which are the real individual economic and geographic cells of these transnational networks. An original database about localized inward FDI stocks has been built and explored to appreciate how far foreign transnational corporations integrate the 355 main cities into the French urban system. These data revealed the diverse integration of French cities, between dependence and attractiveness for the investors. The mobilization of scaling laws, which constituted a major analytical tool in this work, allowed us to identify the major factors explaining the diverse integration of French cities into the whole system of cities, reflected both by inequalities of hierarchical and regional order.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01407207
Contributor : Olivier Finance <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 5, 2016 - 5:25:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:36:31 AM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, March 20, 2017 - 8:51:30 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01407207, version 1

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Olivier Finance. Les villes françaises investies par les firmes transnationales étrangères : des réseaux d'entreprises aux établissements localisés. Géographie. Université paris 1 Panthéon-La Sorbonne, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01407207⟩

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