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Opinion, croyance, savoir : recherches sur la pragmatique kantienne de la pensée

Abstract : The purpose of this work is to determine the nature and the philosophical explanation of the method for knowledge construction according to the Kantian epistemology. Not only we emphasize the importance of the social practice of argumentation, but we also shed light on its role in this method,as well as the reasons which led Kant to give such a role to this practice. This leads us to reconstruct how Kant developed his argumentation in relation to his intellectual horizon (in particular Locke, Crusius, Lambert andMeier). We proceed in two steps. The first one is the search for epistemological elements involved in the construction of knowledge such as the synthetic judgement, the modality of judgement and the modality of assent. The secondis the study of the method itself in two parts, namely the construction of the direction of scientific work through the concept of orientation, and the construction of the justification of knowledge through the social practice of argumentation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 30, 2016 - 2:58:07 PM
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Nicolas Osborne. Opinion, croyance, savoir : recherches sur la pragmatique kantienne de la pensée. Logique [math.LO]. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIL30023⟩. ⟨tel-01405809⟩

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