Imaginaires nationaux et mythes fondateurs ; la construction des multiples socles identitaires de la Corse française à la geste nationaliste

Abstract : For several decades, the national question has reappeared in the political and scientific spheres in a spectacular way. Rather than defining the nation, the research was interested in its framework, evoking from now on its “national imagination” (Benedict Anderson) or even its “inventions of tradition” (Eric J. Hobsbawm). This thesis suggests applying these concepts, which are nevertheless completed by both the works of a generation of historians that appeared during the 1990s (Gérard Noiriel, Anne-Marie Thiesse…) and the weapons of cultural history, towards the contemporary history of Corsica.After the French conquest (1769), the island does not escape the 19th century and its procession of national ecstasies. While strictly remaining within the French context, a small elite exalts the virtues of Corsica nevertheless, praises its illustrious figures, already establishing some patriotic paradigms. In order to deliver a completeness as good as possible about our subject, several sources were gathered during this work, especially some sources from literature, administrative acts, the press or even related to the image, the first thought of which takes a long time to emerge. With the aim of defining a specific thematic setting in our work, we steered our research towards three axes. First of all, that of history which is one of the most important “inventions” of the 19th century. Outside the national histories that develop on the Old Continent at the same time, this discipline will be approached on its literary and illustrative expressions, not forgetting its institutional factor which remains the best medium to implant the founding myths.The second axis we chose deals with the theme of the hero and leads us to the creation of what is called the “heroic plate” composed of Sampiero, Paoli and Napoleon. The construction of this subject will follow a development similar to that of the previous part, in which to the sphere of the representations will succeed that of the materialisation marked by the statuary cast iron.Finally, this work will end with the evocation of a phenomenon that we called the “nationalist gest” developing in the context of the interwar period separatism. By means of key publications (A Muvra), this gest proposes a complete reshaping of the previously built system of representation, modifying “the heroic plate” and flooding in its turn the memory scenes. Having drawn its strength of creation from the linguistic and literary elements, this movement will stand out by the stakes oof palimpsest and mimesis that is sets up, and in which, to the ecstasy of another truth answers the imitation of an existing model.
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Ange-Toussaint Pietrera. Imaginaires nationaux et mythes fondateurs ; la construction des multiples socles identitaires de la Corse française à la geste nationaliste. Histoire. Université Pascal Paoli, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015CORT0008⟩. ⟨tel-01404963⟩

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