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Theses

Femmes et rôles féminins dans les oeuvres d'Eschyle

Abstract : In ancient Greece, the tragedy plays an important role in the lives of Greeks. There were tragic contests during the religious holidays. During the Great Dionysia, there was the most important tragedy contest. Many playwrights participated in it and there emerged three great tragedians, the first playwright, Aeschylus included. He was inspired by the mythical sources and ancient legends. He showed the problems met by the Athenians on stage through mythical characters. His tragedies made the Athenians think about the problems. He showed many female roles in theatrical space and put them in an important place, which didn't correspond to the real situation of the Greek women in that period. These Greek women had to remain still in the harem, take care of household affairs, charge the spinning and the weaving, always remain silent without meddling in political affairs and give birth to children for the family. In contrast, the female figures in the world created by Aeschylus leave their harem, travel, expose themselves to the public, express themselves loudly, get involved political affairs, refuse marriage and show little maternal love towards their children. But why the playwright decides to make the many female figures on stage play the important roles? First, we need to notice that the female characters are played by male actors and that the female choirs consist of male choruses, therefore, the female figures are created by the playwright Aeschylus. There are several reasons for this : the beauty in the scene attracted the attention of the audience; woman is the source of human evil ; irrationality of women drives the development of the tragedy ; and the weakness of women decides their lack of self-control and make them more suitable to play the roles that male characters struggle to interpret.
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Xinyi He. Femmes et rôles féminins dans les oeuvres d'Eschyle. Etudes classiques. Université de Limoges, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIMO0083⟩. ⟨tel-01402477⟩

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