L'éducatif local : les usages politiques du temps libre des enfants

Abstract : Since the beginning of the Eighties, the measures implemented by the city’s politics and the arrangement of the child’s time, and more recently, in the social cohesion laws designed to orient and plan the reorganisation of the school system, have been powerful means allowing the emergence of local educational projects controlled by the communes. These projects are developed within an institutional context in perpetual movement, tangled up with multiple concerns, and are characteristically implemented outside the school time. Knowing that the local nature of these projects is strongly valued, by the State as well as by the communes, this thesis considers “the local educational” as the system that these local educational projects form as a whole. It deals with general information and identifies profound changes to understand and assess the impact of their emergence on the public action at the educational level, which addresses the free time of the children and the teenagers. This thesis is presented in four parts. The first, entitled “The factory of the educational room: from youth movements to the local educational projects” is made up of three chapters and deals with the sociogenealogy of the local educational, successively considered from the point of view of associations, of the State and of the communes. The second part is titled “To get close to the actors. The investigation and its means”. It is made up of only one chapter, presents the epistemology and methodologies of the investigation. This investigation, carried out on a nationalscale, mobilizes observations, a document review, about forty interviews, and a survey completed by 630 professionals in the field. The third part, “The local educational as field of action” considers two categories of actors: elected officials and the professionals who are each the topic of one chapter. Lastly, a fourth section analyses “The educational prospects”, in two parts. First, chapter 7 explores how the local educational projects are developed. It deals with the various types of mobilized resources and the working of educational partners’ meetings. Secondly, chapter 8 is centred on the strictly educational nature of the local educational. It deals with the goals pursued by the local projects, the breakdown and implementation of these objectives in and out of the working-class areas.
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Véronique Laforets. L'éducatif local : les usages politiques du temps libre des enfants. Sociologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAH006⟩. ⟨tel-01401395⟩

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