Spectroscopie d'absorption à très haute sensitivité de différents isotopologues du dioxyde de carbone

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the investigation of the high resolution near infrared spectra of carbon dioxide and includes experimental measurements and theoretical modeling of line positions and intensities and refinement and extension of the set of effective operator parameters. The obtained results can be divided by three parts:In the first part, we present the equations for the q0 J, qJ, q2J and q3J-types parameters of the matrix elements of the effective dipole-moment operator in terms of the dipole-moment derivatives and force field constants derived by means of contact transformation method for the following carbon dioxide isotopologues: 16O12C18O, 16O12C17O, 16O13C18O, 16O13C17O, 17O12C18O and 17O13C18O. Using these equations and the obtained isotopic relations for the molecular constants, we derived the effective dipole-moment parameters for the ∆P= 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 series of transitions of the six above asymmetric carbon dioxide isotopologues (P=2V1+V2+3V3 is the polyad number where V1,V2 and V3 are the vibrational quantum numbers). The comparison of the parameters reported in the literature and obtained in this work is performed and discussed.The second part is devoted to the analysis of the room temperature absorption spectrum of highly 18O enriched carbon dioxide recorded by very high sensitivity CW-Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy between 5851 and 6990 cm-1 (1.71-1.43 µm ). Overall, 19526 transitions belonging to eleven isotopologues (12C16O2, 13C16O2, 16O12C18O, 16O12C17O, 16O13C18O, 16O13C17O, 12C18O2, 17O12C18O, 12C17O2, 13C18O2 and 17O13C18O) were assigned on the basis of the predictions of the effective Hamiltonian model. Line intensities of the weakest transitions are on the order of 2×10-29 cm/molecule. The line positions were determined with accuracy better than 1×10-3 cm-1 while the absolute line intensities are reported with an uncertainty better than 10%. All the identified bands correspond to the ∆P= 8, 9 and 10 series of transitions. The accurate spectroscopic parameters for a total of 211 bands belonging to nine isotopologues were derived. Nine resonance perturbations of the upper state rotational structure were identified for 16O12C18O, 12C18O2, 13C18O2, 16O13C18O, 16O12C17O and 17O12C18O isotopologues. New sets of Hamiltonian parameters have been obtained by the global modeling of the line positions within the effective Hamiltonian approach. Using a similar approach, the global fits of the obtained intensity values of the ∆P= 8, 9 and 10 series of transitions were used to derive the corresponding set of effective dipole moment parameters.In the third part, we report the analysis of the absorption spectrum of natural carbon dioxide by high sensitivity CW-Cavity Ring Down spectroscopy between 7909 and 8370 cm-1 (1.26-1.19 µm). Overall, 3425 transitions belonging to 61 bands of 12C16O2, 13C16O2, 16O12C18O, 16O12C17O, 16O13C18O and 16O13C17O were assigned. In the studied spectral region, all bands correspond to ∆P= 11 series of transitions. The accurate spectroscopic parameters of the upper states of 57 bands were derived from a fit of the measured line positions (typical rms deviations of about 0.6×10-3 cm-1). The global fits of the obtained intensity values of the ∆P= 11 series of transitions were used to determine the corresponding set of effective dipole moment parameters of the six studied isotopologues.The large set of new observations obtained in this thesis has an important impact on the global modeling of high resolution spectra of carbon dioxide. It has allowed refining and extending the sets of effective dipole moment and effective Hamiltonian parameters. The obtained results have allowed improving importantly the quality of the line positions and intensities in the most currently used spectroscopic databases of carbon dioxide (HITRAN, GEISA, CDSD).
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Ekaterina Karlovets. Spectroscopie d'absorption à très haute sensitivité de différents isotopologues du dioxyde de carbone. Matière Condensée [cond-mat]. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENY027⟩. ⟨tel-01401023⟩

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