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Theses

Donner une valeur monétaire à l'environnement, une aide pour la décision publique ? Le cas de la gestion des déchets et du solaire photovoltaïque à Paris.

Abstract : This thesis aims to explore the monetization potential of non-market values in the environmental sector, for public decisions, through the analysis of two examples : renewable energy produced by photovoltaic solar panels and household waste management. Thus, it was necessary to create a valuation weighting factors reference base, so as to convert the impact of quantitative flows (tons of CO2 , kg of nitrogen oxide emissions...) into monetized value (euro per CO2, euro per kgNOx...). The economic and environmental assessments of the installation of photovoltaic panels on municipal buildings in Paris show a resulting social cost. Concerning domestic waste management in Paris in 2007, monetized data brought forth several interesting facts : environmental benefit of recycling, environmental performance of the SYCTOM incinerators… The analysis was undertaken by pursuing a 30 year projection. This analysis served as a reference to study the effectiveness of actions to improve the future environmental performance thus highlighting another benefit of monetization, which is the possibility to develop and analyze scenarios under budget constraint. The results based on WF coming from different studies and settings are weak but preferable to the lack of data which may lead to potentially arbitrary decisions and therefore contrary to environmental interest (secondary effects not taken into account, mobilizing budget for limited effects...). These verifiable results with ranges of uncertainty represent support of discussion around a single aggregate indicator easier to handle and more comprehensible than multiple physical flows of impacts. A wide set of referenced WF accompanied by rules of use and rules of evolution would allow developing interest in monetization in France and thus generating decision tools.
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Submitted on : Sunday, November 20, 2016 - 2:16:15 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:14:25 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 21, 2017 - 5:54:04 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01399665, version 1

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Magali Domergue. Donner une valeur monétaire à l'environnement, une aide pour la décision publique ? Le cas de la gestion des déchets et du solaire photovoltaïque à Paris. . Economies et finances. Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01399665⟩

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