Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Bio-electro-Fenton : optimization of electrochemical advanced oxidation process in the perspective of its combination to a biological process for the removal of pharmaceuticals from wastewater

Abstract : Water pollution is one of the biggest challenges that humanity faces and combating it requires the development of treatment processes, as conventional methods used nowadays are no longer effective for the removal of various complex pollutants. Recently pharmaceuticals have been recognized to be contaminants of emerging environmental concern as their traces were detected in a spectrum of water bodies around the globe. The long term effects of their presence in a natural environment are not yet fully studied, but the potential outcomes can be detrimental to a sustainable future. Among the variety of currently rising treatment technologies, the electro-Fenton method, an electrochemical advanced oxidation process, has demonstrated an ability to eliminate pharmaceuticals as well as other types of persistent contaminants. This electrocatalytical process generates in situ strong oxidants species - hydroxyl radical (OH) - which non-selectively degrade organic pollutants. Due to the extensive cost in the application of electrical energy, its operation might be cost-prohibitive. A solution would be to combine it with biological processes which are more economically viable, but also less effective in the removal of pharmaceuticals. The combined process is expected to have a synergetic effect between cost and effectiveness. The goal of this PhD thesis is to optimize operating conditions of the electro-Fenton process for a feasible combination with a biological process as a means of treating pharmaceutical pollution. The main objectives addressed by this work are related to the influence of operating parameters of the electro-Fenton process on (a) removal of pharmaceuticals; (b) mineralization of organic matter; (c) enhancement of biodegradability; (d) energy consumption. The thesis has three distinct parts related to the type of treated aqueous solution. First, a mechanistic study was conducted on aqueous solutions of individual pharmaceuticals in order to understand general trends of their removal. Next, a series of experiments was carried out on a synthetic mixture of thirteen pharmaceuticals from different therapeutic classes. Lastly, laboratory bench-scale reactors of a combined bio-electro-Fenton process were operated for the treatment of real wastewater. The advance in the complexity of the treated solution allowed a comprehensive comparison and analysis of the influence of the operating parameters. The main results include the optimal values of two operating parameters: the catalyst (Fe2+) concentration and the applied current intensity for a given electro-Fenton setup. The effects of the operating parameters on the removal of pharmaceuticals and other organic matter were similar regardless of the treated solution. The optimal value for the Fe2+ concentration was concluded to be around 0.2 mM. The optimal current intensity was in the range 100-500 mA. The efficiency of the current in terms of the pharmaceuticals' removal was the highest with the lowest intensity (100-300 mA). At the same time the biodegradability, which was an important factor in the biological post-treatment process, improved with higher intensities of electric current (500-1000 mA). However, high current intensities resulted in an elevated energy consumption, particularly with a prolonged treatment time. A tradeoff would have to be consequently made between energy saving and the removal rates that should be found in any single case. The novelty of the research presented in this PhD thesis is firstly attributed to the novelty of the combination of electro-Fenton to a biological process. A detailed study of the influence of operating parameters of the electro-Fenton process on removal rates and biodegradability enhancement contributed not only to the general knowledge on the electro-Fenton process, but also to the advancement towards its upscaling and then further towards the industrial application of this technique
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01398094
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 16, 2016 - 4:31:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 26, 2020 - 7:06:12 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, March 16, 2017 - 3:22:29 PM

File

TH2015PESC1196_diffusion.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01398094, version 1

Collections

Citation

Oleksandra Ganzenko. Bio-electro-Fenton : optimization of electrochemical advanced oxidation process in the perspective of its combination to a biological process for the removal of pharmaceuticals from wastewater. Material chemistry. Université Paris-Est, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC1196⟩. ⟨tel-01398094⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

623

Files downloads

2204