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Theses

Tracer des limites, les franchir : essai sur la notion de frontière, en Syrie, à la fin du deuxième millénaire avant Jésus-Christ.

Abstract : If, as we would define it, the word “border” indicates a place of contact and exchanges between two spaces rather than a well-drawn line of separation, numerous borders exist: political, social, cultural, linguistic in an Ancient Near East often characterized as “a world without borders” since it shares the same cuneiform culture. From the fourteenth century BC to the beginning of the twelfth, the Syrian States have belonged to successive spheres of influence of powerful empires, Mitanni, Egypt, Hatti, which dispute them between themselves and fix their political borders, whereas the legal borders (to which jurisdiction you are under?) or economic ones (which authority imposes the tax obligations?) overlap. In Syria where the spoken languages are diverse, linguistic interspaces exist, are even created. Fringe areas are crossed ceaselessly, voluntarily (nomads, traders) or under duress (captives). To determine who is “a foreigner” is only possible in Syria in a relative manner. However, neither a true foreigner, nor a member of the community, a “resident foreigner” (since he is partly protected and may become integrated) can be one of these through whom the cultures are passed on.
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Elisabeth Racine-Dognin. Tracer des limites, les franchir : essai sur la notion de frontière, en Syrie, à la fin du deuxième millénaire avant Jésus-Christ.. Histoire. Université Paris-Sorbonne - Paris IV, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA040079⟩. ⟨tel-01397043⟩

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