Dualité et principe local-global sur les corps de fonctions

Abstract : In this thesis, we are interested in the arithmetic of some function fields. We first want to establish arithmetic duality theorems over those fields, in order to apply them afterwards to the study of rational points on algebraic varieties. In the first three chapters, we work on the function field of a curve defined over a higher-dimensional local field (such as Qp, Qp((t)), C((t)) or C((t))((u))). In the first chapter, we establish "Poitou-Tate type" arithmetic duality theorems over such fields for finite modules, tori and even some complexes of tori. We also prove the existence, under some hypothesis, of parts of the corresponding Poitou-Tate exact sequences. These results are applied in the second chapter to the study of the local-global principle for central simple algebras, of weak approximation for tori, and of obstructions to local-global principle for torsors under connected linear algebraic groups. In the third chapter, we are interested in abelian varieties and we establish "Cassels-Tate type" arithmetic duality theorems. To do so, we also need to carry out a precise study of abelian varieties over higher-dimensional local fields. In the fourth and last chapter, we work on the field of fractions of some 2-dimensional normal local algebras (such as C((x, y)) or Fp((x, y))). We first establish in this context an "Artin-Verdier type" duality theorem in étale cohomology. This allows us to prove "Poitou-Tate type" arithmetic duality theorems in Galois cohomology for finite modules and tori. In the end, we apply these results to the study of weak approximation for tori and of obstructions to local-global principle for torsors under connected linear algebraic groups.
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Diego Izquierdo. Dualité et principe local-global sur les corps de fonctions. Géométrie algébrique [math.AG]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLS345⟩. ⟨tel-01395483⟩

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