Polymer multilayers at liquid interfaces: assembly, interfacial rheology and microfluidic probing.

Abstract : In order to improve control over the delivery of chemicals, industries seek a way to encapsulate them. A promising method to produce artificial micro-capsules consists in assembling several layers of polymer at the interface of an oil droplet or an air bubble. This thesis focuses on these multilayer assemblies of polymers at liquid interfaces. Through experimental observations on model interfaces and modeling, we studied the effect of the molecular interactions of polymer chains at an interface between two immiscible fluids on the rheological behaviour of this interface. In a first part, we used the model macroscopic geometry of the pendant drop to study independently the different phenomena taking place during the assembly and the deformation of the multilayers. We revisited classical models to describe the adsorption dynamics of our polymers, and we measured the interfacial dilational modulus of various systems. To this aim, by performing independent measurements, we delimited the range of validity of the pendant-drop apparatus. In the second part, we used microfluidics to create micro-capsules of different kinds and to probe their mechanical properties resulting from all the phenomena studied in the first part. We developed a model and we performed numerical simulations to extract the main interfacial properties of our capsules from the measurement of their deformation in the channels.
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Corentin Tregouët. Polymer multilayers at liquid interfaces: assembly, interfacial rheology and microfluidic probing.. Soft Condensed Matter [cond-mat.soft]. Université Pierre & Marie Curie, 2016. English. ⟨tel-01391034⟩

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