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L'historique du quartier de la Défense et ses représentations dans la presse : l'évolution de la perception d'un grand quartier d'affaires

Abstract : It is between 1960 and the end of the 1980s that lies in France the great period of the architectural shift that gives birth to the La Défense business district. The history of this monumental “Ouest Parisien” planning operation seen by journalists reveals three stages in the evolution of this project which aims to establish the capital of a “French Manhattan”, or better three strong constituent states of opinion successive : one of enthusiasm which presided over the presentation by EPAD in 1964 of the first mass of the operation plan and its first achievements on the ground, that of doubt and contestation related to the turbulent history that has experienced during the 1970s this construction giant while embroiled in the turbulence of an economic crisis that threatens the future and disorder the final design, one of the undeniable accession to the success of a project that illustrated the erection in 1989 of the “Grande Arche of La Défense”. Know what journalists thought to understand the evolution of “La Défense” is the first reason for the historical investigation about this revolutionary urban district. But it is one second, because the story is not just a purveyor of the present ; it is also generator of representations which the impact play in conjunction with the objectively established event. And, as such, the study of “La Défense” as a historical phenomenon of crystallization of the opinion Press provides an example particularly net of the contribution as a pole of attraction as effective “La Défense” district provides to the contemporary history of urbanism. Thus, after describing the historical process revealed by the gaze of the press, the interpretation of the representations of the city new will be an opportunity to demonstrate that the achievement of “La Défense” headquarters was more concerned by the awareness of the event by the event itself as this operation was, by its very nature, a media phenomenon of the first magnitude.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 19, 2016 - 4:32:08 PM
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Bertrand Pac. L'historique du quartier de la Défense et ses représentations dans la presse : l'évolution de la perception d'un grand quartier d'affaires. Histoire. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BOR30017⟩. ⟨tel-01384314⟩

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