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Noise spectroscopy with large clouds of cold atoms

Abstract : In this thesis, I present some measurements of fluctuations of light after interaction with a cloud oflaser-cooled rubidium atoms. These measurements can provide useful information on the sourceitself as well as on the medium in which light propagates. I address a particular configuration inwhich intensity noise are measured on a laser beam transmitted through the atomic cloud. Thisgeometry is relevant to investigate different properties, such as the atomic motion. However, in ourexperiment the intrinsic noise of the incident laser has an important contribution to the detected noisespectrum. This technical noise may be hard to distinguish from the signal under study and a goodunderstanding of this process is thus essential.Experimentally, the intensity noise spectra show a different behavior for low and high Fourierfrequencies. Whereas one recovers the "standard" frequency to intensity conversion at lowfrequencies, due to the atomic resonance as a frequency discriminator, some differences appear athigh frequencies. We show that a mean-field approach, which corresponds to describing the atomiccloud by a dielectric susceptibility, is sufficient to explain the observations. Using this model, thenoise spectra allow to extract some quantitative information on the laser noise as well as on theatomic sample. This is known as noise spectroscopy.The perspective of this thesis aims at applying noise measurement to obtain complementarysignatures of the cold-atom random laser by studying the temporal coherence of the emitted light.The manuscript therefore outlines a review on random laser phenomena with a focus on cold-atomrandom lasers and its coherence properties
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Samir Vartabi Kashanian. Noise spectroscopy with large clouds of cold atoms. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université Côte d'Azur, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016AZUR4059⟩. ⟨tel-01382855v2⟩

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