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L'expressivité de l'intime sur les dispositifs du web : processus de la subjectivité et machinations contemporaines

Abstract : The expressivity of the intimate on the Web takes three forms: normalized, hidden/shown and escaped. Each has a specific function, to answer to injunctions of power devices, to manage emotional bonds and a function that is still unknown. Contextualizing our ways of existence whether in our relations with the public and private spheres or in our professional life, reveals that we have moved from a reflexive society to an expressive society where the sensual is distinguished from the sexual and the intimate from intimacy. Theses divides shape the expressivity of the intimate. It becomes a gap concept. It brings together within itself the deepest interiority and its dramatized form in order to allow the establishment of relationships with others through hidden/shown and escaped games. Intimate statements on Facebook or dating sites operate like an exchange norm in games of gifts and counter-gifts. "If I am able to play the intimate game and you are too, we can become closer." The exchange of trivialities or the sharing of love-related myths serve this game. Uses of fakes, humor and supposed secrets are strategies that indicate that a knowledge of intimate issues is at work in the building of links. Furthermore, the virtualized body becomes spectral, an ancillary body at the service of the production of subjectivity which responds to the endless quest of a body-without-organs. The diffusion of a picture of a body online proves its existence and unity. So, it doesn’t disappear in the Web because, as flesh itself is absent from it. This loss could be the origin of the expressiveness of intimacy on the Web as a compensation. The Flesh of words against bodily flesh. This communicational process becomes relational and continues the flow of subjectivity production. Usually limited in its capacities of enunciation by the danger of normalizing the intimate, the production of subjectivity seems ineffective because desire arrangement appear as prefabricated on these Websites. The diffusion of this prototype doesn’t prevent subjectivity from producing new arrangements that will in turn be re-used by devices in the future. Subjectivity is increasingly oppressed even in the intimate but finds new voices for its resingularisation. There then exist relationships between the progress of democratic societies and perverse defenses using the intimate more as a bargaining chip than as a token of interiority.
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Sandra Lemeilleur. L'expressivité de l'intime sur les dispositifs du web : processus de la subjectivité et machinations contemporaines. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BOR30015⟩. ⟨tel-01382491⟩

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