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Continuous time signal processing for wake-up radios

Abstract : Wake-Up Receivers (WU-RX) have been recently proposed as candidates to reduce the communication power budget of wireless networks. Their role is to sense the environment and wake up the main receivers which then handle the bulk data transfer. Existing WU-RXs achieve very high sensitivities for power consumptions below 50uW but severely degrade their performance in the presence of out-of-band blockers. We attempt to tackle this problem by implementing an ultra low power, tunable, intermediate frequency filtering stage. Its specifications are derived from standard WU-RX architectures; it is shown that classic filtering techniques are either not tunable enough or demand a power consumption beyond the total WU-RX budget of 100uW. We thus turn to the use of Continuous Time Digital Signal Processing (CT-DSP) which offers the same level of programmability as standard DSP solutions while providing an excellent scalability of the power consumption with respect to the characteristics of the input signal. A CT-DSP chain can be divided into two parts: the CT-ADC and the CT-DSP itself; the specifications of these two blocks, given the context of this work, are also discussed. The CT-ADC is based on a novel, delta modulator-based architecture which achieves a very low power consumption; its maximum operation frequency was extended by the implementation of a very fast feedback loop. Moreover, the CT nature of the ADC means that it does not do any sampling in time, hence no anti-aliasing filter is required. The proposed ADC requires only 24uW to quantize signals in the [10MHz 50MHz] bandwidth for an SNR between 32dB and 42dB, resulting in a figure of merit of 3-10fJ/conv-step, among the best reported for the selected frequency range. Finally, we present the architecture of the CT-DSP which is divided into two parts: a CT-IIR and a CT-FIR. The CT-IIR is implemented by placing a standard CT-FIR in a feedback loop around the CT-ADC. If designed correctly, the feedback loop can now cancel out certain frequencies from the CT-ADC input (corresponding to those of out-of-band interferers) while boosting the power of the useful signal. The effective amplitude of the CT-ADC input is thus reduced, making it generate a smaller number of tokens, thereby reducing the power consumption of the subsequent CT-FIR by a proportional amount. The CT-DSP consumes around 100uW while achieving more than 40dB of out-of-band rejection; for a bandpass implementation, a 2MHz passband can be shifted over the entire ADC bandwidth.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 13, 2017 - 3:03:48 AM
Last modification on : Monday, September 13, 2021 - 2:44:04 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, July 14, 2017 - 12:13:46 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01375171, version 1

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Alin Ratiu. Continuous time signal processing for wake-up radios. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. INSA de Lyon, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015ISAL0078⟩. ⟨tel-01375171⟩

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