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Les corps troublants du cinéma français, mise en scène de la transgression et de la violence ordinaire : 1986-1999

Abstract : A film, which disturbs and triggers violent reactions, obviously illustrates the society that rejects it. In order to measure the scandal, the Cannes festival is a good reference because it is the sounding box of cinema.The four scandals we use as a starting point took place between 1986 and 1999. Those four films, Menage by Blier in 1986, Under the Sun of Satan by Pialat in 1987, Sound and Fury by Brisseau and Humanity by Dumont were all rewarded in Cannes.The confusion induced by these films is connected to the human body: a body perceived as of marginal importance (the housing estate child), coarse then ridiculous (a male star made up as a female then as a mystic). In a film, the confusion is based on embarrassment, desire, and uneasy feelings. The spectator, confronted with unexpected images, feels confused and lost.That confusion also hides all sorts of problems. An abnormal body we are not used to see, a body difficult to classify.In a film, authenticity can be disturbing by being so much like life. How can a genuine body be disturbing when cinema means artifice ? However that is exactly the point when truth appears in the setting, it can disturb and even become unbearable.Can cinema make bodies abandoned by society and its pictures visible again ? How does it tackle the questions which upset by producing disturbing images ? Through our aesthetic and sociocultural approach we are going to analyze how Brisseau, Dumont, Blier and Pialat make bodies disturbing. This thesis will hinge upon three leading ideas: the body perceived as obscene (a work which provokes conflicting emotions), the body of the excluded (weak characters try to escape the entropy which threatens them) and the body of the actor (the physical disorder which goes through the actor guided by the director).
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Laurie Deson Leiner. Les corps troublants du cinéma français, mise en scène de la transgression et de la violence ordinaire : 1986-1999. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013BOR30040⟩. ⟨tel-01375168⟩

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