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Vers la synthèse de la (-) - gymnodimine A et études de relations structure-activité du coeur spiroimine

Abstract : Gymnodimines, spirolides, pinatoxines and pteriatoxines constitute a family of marine toxins with complex structures. They are produced in small quantities by marine microorganisms called dinoflagelles. These toxins are known to block the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR), but the exact mode of action remains to be determined. Different biological tests showed that the spiroimine moiety, common feature to all these molecules, is the main pharmacophore, indispensable for the inhibitive activity. This Ph.D. work has been focused on the synthesis of the spiroimine fragment of the (–)-gymnodimine A, for pharmacological studies of these structures. In a first part, the formation of the quaternary carbon was developped around the Tsuji-Trost reaction. Good yield and enantiomeric excess were obtained. During our work with modele substrate, an original approach was used to functionnalize the allyl chain. We realized a cross metathesis followed by an oxidative cleavage to form an aldehyde used to synthezise the wished spirolactone. After some functional arrangements, a Staudinger cyclisation has been involved to isolate the expected spiroimines. Then, Tsuji-Trost reaction was applied to more functionnalized substrates for a future total synthesis. In a second time, an asymmetric decarboxylative allylation from Beta-cétoesters, was used to form the stereogenic center with good yield and enantiomeric excess. A short synthetic route was developped for the synthesis of the spiroimine moiety. After an isomerisation of the allylic chain, compounds were involved in a 1,3-cycloaddition between an alcene and an azide to form the wished spiroimines. The generalization of the method was just begun. Three spiroimines were isolated and biologically evaluated on nAChRs. Their structure were simpler than GYM A but they show an antagonist effect and even a blocking effect according to the molecule. Their biological activities were lower than the natural product but these results show that spiroimine moiety is one of the pharmacophore of the GYM A.
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Leslie Duroure. Vers la synthèse de la (-) - gymnodimine A et études de relations structure-activité du coeur spiroimine. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112206⟩. ⟨tel-01374850⟩

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