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Le prétexte du vêtement : sociologie du genre au prisme des pratiques vestimentaires

Abstract : In the course of my previous research, I realized that asking young French women about their body appearance was an interesting way to gather information regarding gender and sexuality. For this thesis, I generalized the analysis of the opinions about appearance and clothes, adding men’s opinions and an intergenerational comparison.This qualitative investigation is based on sixty interviews with men and women, who have been interviewed about their clothing tastes and opinions regarding body appearance. I carried out this study in the political context of the vote on the same-sex marriage law, at a moment (2011-2015) when the “gender topic” was sensitive. This led me to direct my research towards a “sociology of knowledge” (Berger, Luckmann: 1966) of gender in the French context.As indicated in the title of the thesis, I indeed consider the thematic “clothes” as a pretext to understand how visually differentiated groups of men and women are created, and the links between those differentiated appearances and the gender identification.Introduction sets out how I came to study this question, the methodology used, the theoretical and epistemological orientation. Chapter 1 describes the historical context of women’s and men’s different preferences in terms of choice of clothes. Then, in chapter 2, I try to explain the modalities through which taste in clothes and the associated “techniques of the body” (Mauss: 1934) are transmitted. Chapter 3 focuses on the construction of identity as a mechanism which accentuates and naturalizes the differences. Chapter 4 analyzes opinions concerning gender hierarchy and some way of dressing that aim at subverting this hierarchy. I finally discuss the point of view of those who attach an importance to the symbolic accentuation of sex differences in chapter 5.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 27, 2016 - 11:22:08 AM
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Coline Lett. Le prétexte du vêtement : sociologie du genre au prisme des pratiques vestimentaires. Sociologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAH003⟩. ⟨tel-01372404⟩

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