Etude théorique de la dynamique d'une bulle dans un tube capillaire chauffé

Abstract : The model of a single bubble moving in a capillary tube is written as a contribution to the modeling of Pulsating Heat Pipes. A constant heat load is considered at the wall, and the reference temperature of the problem is defined to be the outside medium temperature, which is closer to reality, and thus allowing the saturation temperature of the vapor phase to vary. Using domain perturbation techniques, a step-by-step resolution ofthe model is implemented, allowing minor physical effects to be taken into consideration,for example the inertial effect on the receding meniscus. A new correlation is proposed on the thickness of the liquid film deposited by the receding meniscus, by means of the capillary number and an evaporation number representing the thermal condition. The velocity and temperature fields in the liquid plug ahead of the meniscus can also be obtained. The resolution of the problem associated with the rear-end of the bubble,where the rear meniscus advances on either a micrometric liquid film or an adsorbed film left by the dry-out of the capillary wall, shows a corrugating liquid-vapor interface.The magnitude of these corrugations is strongly dependent on the value of the heat load applied at the wall. In the case of wall rewetting, the interface corrugations at the triple line are due to its displacement, and not to the thermal boundary condition. Because the evaporative mass flux through the liquid-vapor interface modifies the vapor bubble mass, a complete transient thermodynamical model of the bubble is implemented. In this case, the important parameters controlling the kinematics, dynamics and thermodynamics of the bubble were identified.
Keywords : Pulsating heat-pipe
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Antoine Voirand. Etude théorique de la dynamique d'une bulle dans un tube capillaire chauffé. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ESMA0008⟩. ⟨tel-01371841⟩

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