Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation

Le morphème etc. chez Stendhal : du fait de langue au trait de style

Abstract : No systematic study in the field of French linguistics has specifically focused on the morpheme etc. The purpose of this work is to analyse the linguistic and literary issues of this problematic object, first in diachrony and then in synchrony. Our study begins with the question of the origin and of the morphosyntax of etc. Through the history of the language we can observe the partial fossilisation of the sequence ‘coordinating conjunction + nominalised adjective’; we can also identify two main types of use of the morpheme. These two types establish a relevant criterion for the classification of any synchronic study on the issue of etc. If the use of etc. always corresponds to a practice of interruption, it can either take place at the end of an enumeration or in between two segments of text. This partition requires two levels of analysis, a syntactic one and one related to the enunciative issues of the text.We applied this ranking principle to 350 occurrences of etc. belonging to a compilation of six Stendhalian texts: De l’Amour, Racine et Shakespeare, Promenades dans Rome, Le Rouge et le Noir, Lucien Leuwen, Vie de Henry Brulard. The core of our work consists in both establishing the typology of the occurrences of this morpheme as well as the analysis of issues prompted by selected occurrences, on a phrasal or textual level.This study addresses a number of issues relating to the use the morpheme etc.: effects of ellipses and echoes, issues of reduplication of the morpheme, effects of the implicit, referential logics set up by the author, scope of the enunciative ruptures and their effects on the reader. Finally we intend to show that etc. is a beating ‘puncteme’ (acting as a modulating ‘punctuation mark’) whose rhythmical and stylistic impact is systematically exploited by Stendhal. Etc. is an essential part of the mocking, ‘cryptic’ and conversational logic of the works of Stendhal, revealing a writing which lets the reader see as much as it lets him guess.
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [157 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Monday, September 26, 2016 - 12:01:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 1:06:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, December 27, 2016 - 12:57:12 PM


Version validated by the jury (STAR)


  • HAL Id : tel-01371647, version 1


Claire Deslauriers. Le morphème etc. chez Stendhal : du fait de langue au trait de style. Littératures. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSEN013⟩. ⟨tel-01371647⟩



Record views


Files downloads