La poésie orale peule des pêcheurs de la vallée du Fleuve Sénégal (Pékâne) : approche géopoétique

Abstract : This dissertation aims to link a poetry specific to River Senegal’s fishermen called Pékâne (Pekaan) - especially one of its lesser-known component called Diârâlé (Jaaraale) - and a landscape : the Valley of the River Senegal. Pékâne is a fulani oral poetry sung a capella by fishermen of the River Senegal. Diârâlé is often defined as a descriptive poetry. It is deeply rooted in a local territory and it retraces the poets’ itinerary along the bank of the River Senegal. This fundamental aspect has lead me to choose a specific theoretical framework : the geopoetic approach which has never been used before to study Pékâne and its components. This is why, this dissertation tries to show why Diârâlé can be defined as a landscaping poetry which was able to adapt itself to a highly changing environment. Three main issues are raised.The first part analyses how Diârâlé is building itself not only on an intertextual network but also on a social and cultural network. The second part examines the Diârâlé actual evolutions, showing that it is a dynamic genre which was able to continue beyond Guélâye Âli Fâl, the tutelary figure of modern Pékâne. Finally, the last part shows that Diârâlé can be considered as a landscaping and nomadic poetry linked to environmental changes that are hitting the River Senegal Valley.The analysis is based on a corpus made of six oral performances collected in 2011 and 2012 in Senegal. Texts are transcribed in Fulani and translated into French.
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Marie Lorin. La poésie orale peule des pêcheurs de la vallée du Fleuve Sénégal (Pékâne) : approche géopoétique. Littératures. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015USPCF014⟩. ⟨tel-01368959⟩

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