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Pays récepteurs d’assistance étrangère et pays donneurs : la place et le rôle des États baltes entre pays nordiques et États postsoviétiques au prisme de l’action de parrainage (1985-2013)

Abstract : This doctoral thesis aims to analyse one of the less known aspects of Baltic transition: the evolution of their foreign policy between receptors and donors of foreign assistance through transnational patronage (1985-2013). In line with the constructivist school of thought, we observe how the concept of political identity and solidarity changes, redefines itself towards the Other and the perception that the latter has on the Self. Notwithstanding the changes in this identity, some continuities seem to persist: The rapprochment with Eastern Europe over the past ten years could viewed as one of the priorities of the Baltic States but it also stems from the desire of these States to become and to be considered as “fully” European. This thesis sheds some light over the two dimensions of this solidarity: the political solidarity and support on the one hand, and its implementation through technical assistance to reforms and trainings of Georgian, Ukrainian and Moldovan elites, on the other hand. In order to better observe how the solidarity is expressed, this study attempts to understand the different logics of the Baltics solidarity, to identify different actors and networks involved. In an interdisciplinary approach intersecting the mechanisms of PTS and the historical and comparative approach, this study takes then focuses on the processes and methods of the implementation, the role of the actors “donors” and their interaction with their partners. It concludes that Baltic States diffuse and share with the Eastern neighbours of EU mostly their own experience inspired from the Nordic States’ patronage action towards the Baltics during the 1990.
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Katerina Kesa. Pays récepteurs d’assistance étrangère et pays donneurs : la place et le rôle des États baltes entre pays nordiques et États postsoviétiques au prisme de l’action de parrainage (1985-2013). Science politique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015USPCF007⟩. ⟨tel-01368955⟩

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