Marianne face aux Balkans en feu : perceptions des guerres balkaniques de 1912-1913 dans l'espace médiatique français

Abstract : This study outlines the competitive narratives of the 1912-1913 Balkan wars inside the French media landscape (national liberation/unification wars, new crusade, just war, versus illegitimate conquest war, new colonialist expedition, pacifist settlement versus militarist rhetoric, nationalist approaches versus federalist proposals). It is also a schematization essay of the different factors-parameters and their interactions, (personal affinities, ideological orientations, economical interests, geopolitical considerations, media coverage, representation of the Self and the Other, the Here and Elsewhere, the Past, the Present and the Future) intervening in one’s conflict perception on behalf of a phenomenally external society to its unfolding. It also informs us about journalistic practices and the media’s public tastes stretching the rising importance of war reporters and the demand for a sensational, direct and omniscient news coverage. It also explores the place of Balkan people, Balkans’ history and geography, in the imagination of French Belle Époque, as well as the way Balkan wars had been invited within French political, economical and socio-cultural life at the eve of the Great War. Finally, it questions the role of belligerents’ propagandas in the newspapers’ transformation at a media and representational battlefield between the actors directly concerned by the conflict and the external observers expressing themselves in French media, having as major stake the definition of a political and axiological European entity.
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Nicolas Pitsos. Marianne face aux Balkans en feu : perceptions des guerres balkaniques de 1912-1913 dans l'espace médiatique français. Histoire. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014INAL0026⟩. ⟨tel-01368947⟩

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