Extension of the SmEdA method by taking into account dissipative materials at medium frequencies

Abstract : The project CLIC (City Lightweight Innovative Cab) aims to develop a lighter-weighted truck that maintains NVH performances of the initial design. This PhD research is then to establish a vibroacoustic prediction model of a complex structure-bounded fluid system (cabin structure coupled to cabin space) including dissipative treatments (damping or absorbing materials) for the mid-frequency domain. Since most commonly used element based and statistical methods are not suitable for this frequency domain, a proper prediction tool, which should be flexible in modeling capabilities and feasible in computational cost, must be implemented. The SmEdA (Statistical modal Energy distribution Analysis) method is considered in this thesis to comply with these requirements. The main objective of this research is to extend this method for taking account of the damping effect induced by dissipative materials. Development and validation of the methodology are carried out. 1. Dissipative materials are represented by simplified equivalent models: (1) the equivalent single layer model for describing the plate covered with a viscoelastic layer and (2) the equivalent fluid model for describing a porous material into the cavity. 2. Each subsystem including the equivalent models of the dissipative materials is modeled with FEM(Finite Element Model). The FE matrices including the energy dissipation are then computed. The MSE (Modal Strain Energy) and MSKE (Modal Strain Kinetic Energy) methods are used to estimate the modal damping loss factor of each subsystem mode. 3. The SmEdA calculation is performed on a whole system considering the modal damping loss factors estimated in the second step for each subsystem. The power is injected into the plate at a localized point by the stationary white noise force and subsequently, the SmEdA parameters are computed. To validate the proposed methodology, laboratory test cases of the structure-fluid problem composed of a rectangular plate coupled to a parallelepipedic cavity are considered. Such system can be used to study the vibroacoustic interaction between structure and fluid. Two damped test cases of the plate-cavity system are studied: (1) a system with a viscoelastic damping pad on the plate and (2) a system with a composite fibre in the cavity. The damped test cases are modeled following the three steps and are analyzed in the framework of SmEdA. The results are then compared to the original case with no damping treatment. The last part of the thesis presents an experimental validation of the numerical computation results on each test case. Measured quantities such as input mobility, injected power and subsystem energies are compared to the numerical predictions. The modal damping loss factors of the damped subsystems estimated with MSE and MSKE methods are compared to the experimental results estimated by a high-resolution modal analysis method (ESPRIT method).
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Hadong Hwang. Extension of the SmEdA method by taking into account dissipative materials at medium frequencies. Acoustics [physics.class-ph]. INSA de Lyon, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015ISAL0048⟩. ⟨tel-01368562⟩

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