Etude expérimentale du comportement hydroélastique d'une structure flexible pour différents régimes d'écoulement

Abstract : This work deals with an experimental analysis of a flexible and light lifting profile for various flow conditions, including cavitation. An experimental protocol was set up to study a flexible NACA 0015 made of polyoxymethylene (POM) and compare its behaviour with a foil made of steel, which is considered as rigid. The forces, strains, stresses and vibrations of the foils were measured, as well as the velocity field. Moreover, a vibratory analysis was performed in cavitating flow. The flexible foil behaves like a built-in beam : the deformations corresponds to predictions from the beam theory, with high bending and low twisting. These deformations imply lower lift and higher drag compared to the rigid foil. The vortex shedding frequency appears on the vibration spectra near stall. It increases with flow velocity and leads to a decrease of the natural bending frequency. But flexibility involves lower natural frequencies : the first bending frequency of the flexible foil is 3.5 times lower than the rigid one. This allows lock-in between the first bending frequency of the flexible foil and the vortex shedding frequency. Lock-in occurs in cavitating flows too : when cavitation becomes unstable, it oscillates with a frequency close to the bending natural frequency of the flexible foil. This lock-in ends when the cavitation number is low enough, what leads to a decrease of the cavitation oscillation frequency. In those conditions, the added mass of the flexible foil does not decrease with the cavitation number as the added mass of the rigid foil.
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Alexandra Lelong. Etude expérimentale du comportement hydroélastique d'une structure flexible pour différents régimes d'écoulement. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BRES0048⟩. ⟨tel-01368074v2⟩

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