Underground flow, numerical methods and high performance computing

Abstract : We develop a reliable numerical method to approximate a flow in a porous media, modeled by an elliptic equation. The simulation is made difficult because of the strong heterogeneities of the medium, the size together with complex geometry of the domain. A regular hexahedral mesh does not allow to describe accurately the geological layers of the domain. Consequently, this leads us to work with a mesh made of deformed cubes. There exists several methods of type finite volumes or finite elements which solve this issue. For our method, we wish to have only one degree of freedom per element for the pressure and one degree of freedom per face for the Darcy velocity, to stay as close to the habits of industrial software. Since standard mixed finite element methods does not converge, our method is based on composite mixed finite element. In two dimensions, a polygonal mesh is split into triangles by adding a node to the vertices's barycenter, and explicit formulation of the basis functions was obtained. In dimension 3, the method extend naturally to the case of pyramidal mesh. In the case of a hexahedron or a deformed cube, the element is divided into 24 tetrahedra by adding a node to the vertices's barycenter and splitting the faces into 4 triangles. The basis functions are then built by solving a discrete problem. The proposed methods have been theoretically analyzed and completed by a posteriori estimators. They have been tested on academical and realistic examples by using parallel computation.
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Nabil Birgle. Underground flow, numerical methods and high performance computing. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066050⟩. ⟨tel-01366054⟩

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