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De la durée à la vie : une dialectique entre métaphysique et politique chez Bergson

Abstract : The evolution of Bergsonism seems to be going from durée (duration) to life. In hisCreative Evolution, after his first two works, Bergson discovered indeed that life endures,in an at least similar way our consciousness does. Yet, beneath this appearance ofcontinuity, Bergsonism might well conceal some gaps, or even breaks between durée andlife. Our study, beginning with this assumption of a discontinuity in his thought, firstconsists in trying to identify these potential breaks between durée and life in his fourmajor works. We show these ruptures by making plain textual breaks inside each of thesefour books, all of them, but each one in a different way. We discuss their significance,not only for an understanding of Bergsonism but also for Philosophy as a Whole. Wewant to establish by this study two points: 1. In Bergson, the evolution of life manifests atime which is alien to durée, a time which necessarily is woven with some spatiality. Wename the logic characteristic of this time of life the "dialectic of life." 2. The ultimateconsequence of this dialectic of life occurs in the reflexive moment when the subject, ashe realizes this dialectic, commits himself knowingly to this movement of life, as hehimself belongs to the living. This reflexive moment is the very moment of our present,where Politics as the field of the common action for deciding the future opens up to use.This is how the dialectic of life leads us to Politics.
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Jae-Hyung Joo. De la durée à la vie : une dialectique entre métaphysique et politique chez Bergson. Philosophie. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEE001⟩. ⟨tel-01365947⟩

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