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Développement d’un nouveau biocapteur enzymatique ultrasensible pour la détection conductimétrique de l’ochratoxine A dans l’huile d’olive

Abstract : A new ultrasensitive enzymatic biosensor for the direct conductometric detection of ochratoxin A (OTA) has been developed in this work. Thermolysin (TLN), a peptidase, was chosen as recognition element. The proposed biosensor is based on TLN immobilization into a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/polyethylenimine (PEI) matrix containing gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and cross-linked at the surface of gold interdigitated microelectrodes using glutaraldehyde vapor. Under optimal conditions (35 min cross-linking time, working pH of 7 and temperature of 25◦C), the biosensor response was linear up to 60 nM OTA and the limit of detection was 1 nM. This value was 700 times lower than the detection limit obtained using the more classical method based on enzyme cross-linking in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA). PVA/PEI hydrogel creates a very favorable aqueous environment for the enzyme. In addition, interactions between protonated amino groups of PEI and negative charges of both citrated AuNPs and thermolysin improve their dispersion in the polymer blend, favoring enzyme stabilization and accessibility to the substrate (OTA). The developed OTA biosensor was very reproducible and stable over a 30 days period when stored at 4◦C in 20 mM phosphate buffer between two measurements. The method was further evaluated using commercial doped olive oil samples. No pretreatment of the sample was needed for testing and no matrix effect was observed. Recovery values were close to 100%, demonstrating the suitability of the proposed method for OTA screening in olive oil
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Fatma Dridi. Développement d’un nouveau biocapteur enzymatique ultrasensible pour la détection conductimétrique de l’ochratoxine A dans l’huile d’olive. Ingénierie des aliments. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSE1018⟩. ⟨tel-01362941⟩

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