La qualification des contrats d'auteur

Abstract : Characterization of contracts in view of French Authors’ Rights Law brings out a reversal of the logic usually governing the construction of contractual categories. Various authors’ rights contracts, whether they have legally specified names or not, are more defined in relation to their environment than in relation to their effects. The conveyancing effect is common to any author contract. The mention of a price and the obligation of exploitation are commonplace in several “legally named contracts” in French author law. Therefore the characterization of an author law contract is first and foremost related to its human and material environment: i.e., the kind of creation, or the kind of authors’ right mentioned in the contract, or the legal identity of the parties, notably the identity of the contracting party as an “author”. Contrary to characterization of an author contract in view of French Authors’ Right Law, characterization of an author contract in view of French Civil Law relates more to its effects than to its environment. This is logical, since contractual civil code categories are not defined in relation to the environment of contracts. Because the legal nature of an author contract is not an obstacle to its characterization in the field of Civil Law, the effects of author contracts are the only relevant criteria for distinguishing between them. When the obligation of exploitation is not subsidiary, the characterization of an author contract as a sale contract can only be set aside. The terms and conditions of exploitation management in some author contracts underline the fact that, most of the time, publishing contracts, representation contracts, and production contracts are in fact contracts of lease.
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Sébastien Raimond. La qualification des contrats d'auteur. Droit. Université Paris-Est, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008PEST2005⟩. ⟨tel-01362278⟩



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