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Saadi et son oeuvre dans la littérature française du XVIIe siècle à nos jours

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to study the literary fortune of Saadi in French literature from 17th century up to present. For the first time in 1634 Saadi was introduced in France through an incomplete translation of Gulistan by André du Ryer.This translation paved the way for Saadi to be introduced to other European countries. With the first confrontation with his works French literary scholars found Saadi’s works agreeable and attractive. Different writers according to their tastes and the atmosphere of their period either imitate him or get inspired by him. In classic time some of the writers like La Fontaine take the material of their stories from Gulistan stories. In the Enlightenment period the number of writers who have been inspired by Saadi increased. The writers of this period are mostly inspired by Saadis political or moral aspects of his works and they consider him as the critic of rituals and traditions. The philosophers and authors of encyclopaedia think of Saadi as one of them and introduce him as their political anti-church speaker. They use Saadi’s name as a weapon in their satiric writing. It was in 19th century that the first translation of Boustan and one of the most outstanding translation of Gulistan enabled the French to taste Saadi’s poetry. The Romantics were attracted by the aesthetics and the sentimental aspects of his works. They found the new themes such as love, nature, and time. The 20 century writers continue to enjoy the concept of love as manifested in the images of ‘nightingale and flower’ and are fascinated by the mystic features of Boustan.
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Adel Khanyabnejad. Saadi et son oeuvre dans la littérature française du XVIIe siècle à nos jours. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009PA030013⟩. ⟨tel-01356474⟩

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