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L'agriculture et la société rurale dans l'arrondissement de Montreuil-sur-Mer depuis 1850 : permanences et ruptures

Abstract : Agriculture and the rural society have been constantly changing in the district of Montreuil-sur-Mer since 1850. The production and marketing techniques and structures haves modernized. Farming and cattle breeding have developed. Unionism, mutualism and cooperation have emerged. Farms have become huger and the numbers of farmers has been decreasing. The district has got one of the most powerful and active organizations in the country. The Agricultural Company of Montreuil-sur-Mer was established in 1821 and has been defending the farmers interests and spreading progress since. It was run b Octave Corne from 1923 to 1956. It reached its climax during the interwar period. However, the territory remained one of the least developed areas of the Straits of Dover throughout those years. Productivity, cereal crops in particular, has been one of the lowest of the Straits of Dover. Farms are less well-equipped than in the Arras and Bethune areas. Backwardness mainly results from the natural conditions which are quite hard, the poor quality of the soil and from a conservative attitude. Disparities remain at a local level as well. The rapid expansion of farming and cattle breeding is far more important in the coast areas and in the south of the Canche than in the north eastern ones. The regions of Fruges and Hucqueliers are indisputably the most deprived of the district.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 19, 2016 - 11:40:09 AM
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Benoît Forestier. L'agriculture et la société rurale dans l'arrondissement de Montreuil-sur-Mer depuis 1850 : permanences et ruptures. Histoire. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014DUNK0362⟩. ⟨tel-01346574⟩

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