Photoelectric and magnetic properties of multiferroic domain walls in BiFeO3

Camille Blouzon 1
1 LNO - Laboratoire Nano-Magnétisme et Oxydes
SPEC - UMR3680 - Service de physique de l'état condensé, IRAMIS - Institut Rayonnement Matière de Saclay
Abstract : Among all multiferroics, BiFeO3 is a material of choice because its two ordering temperatures are well above 300K. It is a ferroelectric antiferromagnet, and magnetoelectric coupling has been demonstrated in bulk and in thin films. Remarkably, BiFeO3 has the largest polarization of all known ferroelectrics (100µC/cm²). A huge research effort is carried out worldwide to understand and exploit the physical properties of this material which requires to design and tailor BiFeO3 on many scales. In this sense, developing methods and tools to control the domain structure is essential to explore new emergent phenomena arising at domain walls. This is the aim of the present PhD work. Some of the original properties of BiFeO3 have been investigated including its photoelectric and magnetic properties. A particular attention is given to characterize in a parallel fashion bulk properties and domain walls properties, using original techniques of characterization such as Scanning Photocurrent Microscopy (SPCM), scattering synchrotron facilities or high field pulses. SPCM mapping reveals that depolarizing fields in the vicinity of a 180° domain wall can significantly improve the photovoltaic efficiency. Thus domain walls can be generated and precisely positioned in order to tailor the local photovoltaic efficiency. Moreover, X-ray resonant magnetic scattering on thin films with periodic domain structure shows that domain walls generate specific magnetic structures with possible uncompensated magnetization.
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Camille Blouzon. Photoelectric and magnetic properties of multiferroic domain walls in BiFeO3. Physics [physics]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066006⟩. ⟨tel-01346469v2⟩

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