Aero-acoustic sources localization and high resolution imaging

Abstract : Localization of Coherently Distributed (CD) source presents a challenge in the array signal processing. Our work motivates the localization of aero-acoustic source based on its spatial extension. This challenge is practically ignored in the literature of acoustic imaging field where many applications consist in mapping noisy source to reduce its contribution. The thesis presents the three following contributions. First, we propose a Joint Angle, Distance, Spread and Shape Estimator called JADSSE. The estimation of the so-called spread shape distribution parameter proposed by JADSSE avoids the modeling error due to the required a priori knowledge on the source shape when using classical estimators. Second, we expand the Decoupled DSPE to the near field. This method decouples the Direction of Arrival (DoA) and the range estimation from the spread estimation. Meanwhile, this method prevents the spread estimation for unknown shape distribution. Therefore, we propose the DADSSE to successively estimate the DOA, the range and then the spread and the shape distribution of the source. Third, we generalize the CD model and the JADSSE to consider the bi-dimensional spread of the source. Next, we propose two source power estimation approaches accounting the spatial spread of the source. The proposed methods are tested using a set of experimental data of the Renault wind tunnel application. Results show the presence of new aero-acoustic sources especially the overlapped ones with weak powers. We provide a tool to better map and characterize the aero-acoustic source by estimating the position, spread, power and shape.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01346461, version 1

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Jad Abou Chaaya. Aero-acoustic sources localization and high resolution imaging. Other. CentraleSupélec, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015CSUP0016⟩. ⟨tel-01346461⟩

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