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Some contributions to nonlinear adaptive control of PKMs : from design to real-time experiments

Moussab Bennehar 1 
1 DEXTER - Robotique médicale et mécanismes parallèles
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier
Abstract : Parallel Kinematic Manipulators (PKMs) have gained an increased popularity in the last few decades. This interest has been stimulated by the significant advantages of PKMs compared to their traditional serial counterparts, with respect to some specific industrial tasks requiring high accelerations and accuracy. However, to fully exploit their potential and to get the most of their capabilities, a long path is still to be covered. In addition to mechanical design, calibration and optimization of the structure, efficient control development plays an essential role in improving the overall performance of PKMs. However, PKMs are known for their highly nonlinear dynamics which increases considerably when operating at high accelerations leading to mechanical vibrations. Moreover, uncertainties are abundant in such systems due to model simplifications, the wear of the components of the robot and the variations of the environment. Furthermore, their coupled dynamics and actuation redundancy in some mechanisms give rise to complex and challenging control issues. Consequently, the developed control schemes should take into account all the previously mentioned issues and challenges. The main goal of this thesis lies in the proposal of new adaptive control schemes for PKMs while considering their characteristics and particularities in order to improve their tracking capabilities. Moreover, the developed control strategies should be first validated through numerical simulations, then through real-time experiments on available PKMs. Within this context, three main contributions are proposed in this thesis. First, a new class of adaptive controllers with nonlinear time-varying feedback gains is proposed. The second contribution lies in an adaptive-based extended version of RISE robust feedback control strategy. For the third contribution, the recently developed L1 adaptive control strategy is applied for the first time on a PKM, followed by two novel model-based extensions. Numerical simulations as well as real-time experiments on various PKMs prototypes are provided and discussed. All the proposed controllers are validated for different operating conditions in order to show their relevance and efficiency.
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Moussab Bennehar. Some contributions to nonlinear adaptive control of PKMs : from design to real-time experiments. Automatic. Université Montpellier, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015MONTS033⟩. ⟨tel-01496780⟩



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