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Etude structurale et fonctionnelle de l'ARN-polymérase du virus de la grippe

Abstract : Influenza A virus is a negative single stranded RNA virus that replicates in the nucleus of infected cells. Its genome contains eight single stranded negative-sense RNA segments (vRNA) covered by the viral nucleoprotein (NP). The highly conserved 3' and 5' ends of the vRNA are bound to the RNA-dependent RNA-polymerase (RdRp) which consists of three subunits, PA, PB1 and PB2. The complex between vRNA, NP and the RdRp forms a particle called ribonucleoprotein (RNP). The RNP acts as an independent molecular machine for transcription and replication in the nucleus. Within the context of the RNP, these two processes are mediated by the RdRp. The influenza A RdRp complex has been remarkably intractable to structural analysis and in the last eight years, crystal structures of independent domains covering roughly half of the heterotrimeric RdRp have been determined. In addition, electron microscopy reconstructions have described the RdRp. Nonetheless, a complete model characterizing the RdRp as a whole is still lacking. To overcome this issue, a new strategy has been developed to obtain the RdRp heterotrimeric complex using the baculovirus infected cells expression system. This method has produced a truncated form of the flu A RdRp which has been studied from a structural and functional point of view. Several three-dimensional reconstructions by electron microscopy have been obtained and a crystal structure at low resolution (7,7 Å) has been solved. Functional studies focused on the activities carried by the truncated RdRp and a particular emphasis was placed on the study of the interactions with RNA. In vitro functional data showed highly metal ion-dependent activities. To know more about the subcellular metal context, metallic ions distribution in influenza A infected cells has been studied by X-ray microscopy giving the opportunity to integrate biochemical and biophysical data in the context of the whole cell.
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Submitted on : Sunday, July 10, 2016 - 10:08:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01343874, version 1

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Alexandre Monod. Etude structurale et fonctionnelle de l'ARN-polymérase du virus de la grippe. Biologie structurale [q-bio.BM]. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENV045⟩. ⟨tel-01343874⟩

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